Topaz is one of the most famous gems in the world. It is prized for its perfect transparency and hardness. In jewelery the most popular are blue and London topaz, which will enchant you in its dark blue color. Topaz - more than a blue stone.


Topaz is a rhomboid mineral that is in nature mostly colorless and transparent. There are also varieties of color - blue, golden, brownish, honey yellow, red or purple. Its wide spectrum of shade is due to the presence of metals.


Its name is derived from the island of Topasos in the Red Sea, where it was first found.


In nature, topaz is found in relatively large pieces - its crystals can be even more than 1 meter long and heavy several hundred kilograms.


In jewelry very popular are blue and gold topaz. Most natural blue topas are treated by heat or irradiation.


Most often they are sanded in oval or pear-shaped form, very popular is emerald grind.



Topazes are found in a wide variety of colors - colorless, yellow, golden, brown, jelly, different shades of blue, red and pink.

Red and pink topazes are very rare. Colorless topazes are often used as a diamond swap, they also have a similar structure, but the ability to reflect light is not as distinctive in the topaz as it is in a diamond.


Blue topaz

Imperial topaz

Gold topaz

White topaz

Hardness: 8

Location: Brazil, USA, Mexico, Russia, Nigeria, Sri Lanka and Madagascar, India, China.


More about varieties of topaz


Blue topaz


The blue topaz is the second most popular gemstone after sapphire. In nature, it is very rare and it is very light, so for the jewelery purposes, mainly color-treated clear topazes are used. Edits of these topazs are mostly irradiated and subsequently fired. There are other different shades of topaz - Sky Blue, Swiss Blue and London Blue.


The light blue color of the topaz looks cool, as if we were looking at the beautiful blue-colored ice. This color calms our soul and calms our mind, awakens in us the desire for purity and perfection.


KLENOTA offers jewels with classic blue and London topaz, which is the topaz in the darkest shade of blue, sometimes with a gray undertone.


Imperial Topaz (Imperial Topaz)


Imperial topaz is considered the rarest and most expensive variety of topaz. Its shade is beautifully yellow, with pinkish to reddish tones. Imperial Topaz is a jeweler very popular and sought after jewelery, choosing mainly gold jewels in which it looks very luxurious and elegant.

Yellow and gold topaz


The yellow and gold topazes are very similar in color to the imperial topaz, but without a reddish or reddish subtext. They are more common and less expensive types of topaz, therefore more affordable.


Brilliant golden color inspires and encourages us.


White topaz


White topaz is often used in jewelery as a substitute for a diamond. But his ability to reflect light is not so pronounced.


Did you know that…?

Topaz is a stone sign of the zodiac Aquarius and Fish.

Blue topaz is the stone of the month of December.

People have long believed in the magical ability of topaz - in women it is said to be able to foster beauty, affection and fertility, in men's wisdom, nobility and potential.


Old Greeks believed that topaz allowed its wearer to become invisible.


Egyptians wore topaz as an amulet to protect them from injuries.


Did you know that there is a strong magnetic and physical energy in topaz? When you pass it through the ashes, it acts like a magnet and the ashes get caught up.


In ancient times, people believed that the moon is very strong on the emission of stone. For example, nearing the storm, topaz electrifies and creates a strong magnetic field around it to give its owner clairvoyant capabilities.


In Hindu mythology, the word topaz means warmth. Topaz is one of the sacred stones of a Hindu tree of life. The Hindu believe that topaz supports our intelligence and prolongs our lives.


African shamans consider topaz as a highly sacred stone and perform healing rituals with it.


Healing effects of topaz:


It calms the psyche, helps with depression and fear

Protects against nervous overpowering and exhaustion

Soothes and improves sleep, treats insomnia

It reduces blood pressure

Helps in diseases of the liver and spleen

It heals anorexia, it has a positive effect on digestion

Helps heal inflammation in the throat

Removes headaches.


American Golden


The yellow topaz American Golden was found in Brazil. It is one of the largest machined gems and the largest yellow topaz in the world. It weighs 4.6 kg, has 172 beads and its color is light golden brown. Crude stone weighed 11.8 kg and its processing into final form took over two years. It is now visible in the collections of the National Museum of Natural Sciences in Washington.


Emperor Topaz Blaze

Pendant made of pink gold decorated with diamonds with imperial topaz weighing 97.45 carats. A masterpiece of jewelery was created by the well-known chicago jeweler Lester Lampert. Thanks to the pink gold flannel shaded diamonds, the unique red color of the imperial topaz stands out.


Chalmers Topaz (Chalmz Topaz)


One of the world's largest cut topazes was found in Brazil and weighs 5,899 carats. It is colorless (white) with a blue hue, cut with brilliant cut. It is now visible in the Chicago Museum of Natural Sciences.


Topaz Eldorado (El Dorado Topaz)


Topaz Eldorado was found in Minas Gerais, Brazil, and was named after the legendary golden city of Eldorado. The raw stone weighed 37 kg and was ground into a topaz of 31,000 carats. It is considered to be the largest processed gem in the world.



Used sources: (2016). Topaz Quality Factors. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].

The World of Famous Diamonds. (2016). The American Golden Topaz. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016]. (2016). Topaz Meaning, Powers and History. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].

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