The largest and probably the most famous diamond in the world is the Cullinam diamond - the raw stone weighed 3,106 carats. It was polished to 105 smaller diamonds of different sizes and purity.
The Cullinam Diamond was found in South Africa in 1905 and the rough stone had 3,106 carats. It was sanded into 105 diamonds of different sizes and purity. The largest of these carved diamonds is called the Great Star of Africa (Culinam I), which weighs 530.20 carats and is part of the British crown jewels.
The Excelsior Diamond weighed 971 carats and was the largest in the world except for the Cullinam diamond. There were eleven diamonds weighing between 9.82 and 69.68 carats, all bearing the name Excelsior, differing only by the Roman numerals at the end. The most valuable was Excelsior I, which was last auctioned at $ 2,642,000.
The Hope Diamond is the most famous blue diamond. It weighs 45.52 carats and has a pillow shape and a dark blue color. The diamond was brought from India by Jean-Babtist Tavernier and sold to King Louis Louis XIV in 1664. The stone was stolen from the farm of God Rama-Sita, and according to legend God set a curse on the stone. Indeed, the pride of the owners of this diamond was accompanied by very dramatic life occurrences, and all died under mysterious circumstances or unusual illnesses. It is said that the only way to free oneself from the power of the misbehaving object is to donate it, so the last diamond holder, the American gem Winston, donated the diamond to the Smithsonian Institute, where the Hope Diamond is exhibited to this day.
The diamond of the British Royal Family. The name Kooh-I-Noor means a 'mountain of light'. The diamond became the main adornment of the Royal Crown, weighing 108.9 carats.
Star of South Africa
The diamond found by a local shepherd in 1869 - the interesting thing is that he exchanged it to a farmer for 500 sheep, 10 oxen and one horse. His discovery started the diamond fever and the earth was flooded with thousands of diamond seekers. The raw diamond weighs 83.5 carat, weighing 47.69 carats after it was cut, and the latest selling price totaled £ 225,000.
Gia.edu. (2015). Diamond Fun Facts. [online] Available at: http://www.gia.edu/gia-news-research-diamond-fun-facts [Accessed 25 Oct. 2016].
TheRichest. (2016). The 10 Largest Diamonds Ever Discovered. [online] Available at: http://www.therichest.com/rich-list/the-biggest/a-miners-best-friend-the-10-largest-uncut-rough-diamonds/ [Accessed 25 Oct. 2016].